Nick is a chemical oceanographer whose multidisciplinary research draws upon a “systems” understanding of marine biogeochemistry. He investigates marine carbon and nutrient cycling and ecosystem function by integrating the study of the physical, chemical and biological parameters that impact them. Using this approach, Nick is able to acknowledge and investigate the many variables that are critical to understanding the carbon cycle within the context of a changing climate on Earth. His current research includes projects that span the global ocean, from pole to pole and from the atmosphere to deep-ocean waters.

Nick received his PhD from the University of Southampton in 1995 where he studied the physical and biological controls of the oceanic carbon dioxide system in the Sargasso Sea. In addition to serving as the Director of Research and a Senior Scientist at BIOS, he is Professor of Ocean Biogeochemistry at the University of Southampton, National Oceanographic Centre, Southampton, UK and an adjunct full Professor at the University of Delaware Center for Marine and Earth Studies.

Research Interests:
Ocean biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen and dissolved organic matter; physical and biological processes influencing ocean-atmosphere gas exchange of carbon dioxide; coupling between ocean biogeochemical processes and climate variability; ocean carbon cycling in the Arctic Ocean and surrounding polar seas; the influence of ocean acidification on coral reefs and calcifying organisms.

Educational Background:
University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, 2015
-DSc in Chemical Oceanography
University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, 1995
-PhD in Chemical Oceanography
Brock University, St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada, 1990
-MSc in Geological Sciences
Kings College, University of London, The Strand, London, UK, 1982-1985
-BSc in Geology
Kings College, University of London, The Strand, London, UK, 1982-1985
-BSc studies in Pharmacology

Download Dr. Bates' CV.

Further Information:
Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS)
Bermuda Ocean Acidification and Coral Reef Investigation (BEACON)
Marine Biogeochemistry Lab

Selected Publications:
Bates, N.R., (2016) in press. Twenty years of carbon cycle observations at Devils Hole, Bermuda provide insights in seasonal hypoxia, coral reef calcification and ocean acidification. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Bates, N.R., O’Brien, T., and Lorenzoni, L., (2016) in press. The Arctic Ocean. In IGMETS report. International Group on Marine Ecological Time–series (IGMETS), United Nations, IOC–SCOR report.

Bates, N.R., (2015). Assessing ocean acidification variability in the Pacific–Arctic Region (PAR) as part of the Russian–American Long–term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA). Oceanography, 28(3), 36–45,

Bates, N.R., Astor, Y.M., Church, M.J., Currie, K., Dore, J.E., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Lorenzoni, L., Muller-Karger, F.E., Olafsson, J., and Santana-Casiano, J.M. (2014). Changing ocean chemistry: A time-series view of ocean uptake of anthropogenic CO2 and ocean acidification. Oceanography,

Bates, N.R., Garley, R., Frey, K., Shake, K., and Mathis, J.T., (2014). Sea–ice melt CO2–carbonate chemistry in the western Arctic: meltwater contributions to air–sea CO2 gas exchange, mixed layer properties and rates of net community production. Biogeosciences, 11, 6769–6789, doi: 10.5194/bg–11–6769–2014.

Bates, N.R., Orchowska, M.I., Garley, R., and Mathis, J.T., (2013). Summertime calcium carbonate undersaturation in shelf waters of the western Arctic Ocean – how biological processes exacerbate the impact of ocean acidification. Biogeosciences, 10, 5281-5309, doi: 10:105194/bg/bg-10-5281-2013

Bates, N.R., Best, M.H., Neely, K., Garley, R., Dickson, A.G., and Johnson, R.J., (2012). Indicators of anthropogenic carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, 2509-2522, doi: 10.10.5194/bg-9-2509-2012.

Bates, N.R., (2012). Multi–decadal uptake of carbon dioxide into subtropical mode waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, 2649–2659, doi: 10.10.5194/bg–9–2649–2012.

Bates, N.R., Cai, W.–J., and Mathis, J.T., (2011). The ocean carbon cycle in the western Arctic Ocean: Distributions and air–sea fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2). Oceanography. 24(3), 186–201, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.71; 2011.71.

Bates, N.R., Jeffries, M.A., and Mathis, J.T., (2011). Air–sea CO2 fluxes in the Bering Sea. Biogeosciences, 8(5), 1237–1253, doi: 10.5194/bg–8–1237–2011.